On September 1, , the world was shocked as Nazi troops invaded Poland. Tensions soared in Europe, and world leaders recognized that this invasion could be the final straw that would lead to war. German military leaders had begun planning for war with Poland as early as the mid s. Recovering the ethnically Polish territory of Pomerania, Poznan, and Silesia, as well as the largely German Free City of Danzig were the major objectives.

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Sochaczew defence in September The biggest battle in war Tadeusz Kutrzeba, the commander of the Poznan Army wanted his army to have some movement space needed for any futher military operations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. File:WBK -battle of Bzura jpg — Wikimedia Commons To encircle and destroy the Polish forces, the Germans used most of their 10th Army, including two armoured, one motorized, and three light divisions, equipped with some tanks altogether.

The situation threatened to become critical, as attempts by the army restore it by counter-attacks failed one after the other. Only a few Polish units managed to break out of the encirclement.

You can find there:. File:Battle of Bzura Polish infantry 18 — Wikimedia Commons Polish offensive at the Bzura In addition, it happened so that the moment when general Kutrzeba decided to stop his attack because of allegedly stiffening German resistanceexactly coincided with the moment when general Blaskowitz finally and decisively ordered the general retreat of his 8th Army.

Keepsakes and mementos of the defenders and photographs of the destuction of Sochaczew are exhibited, especially a unique collection of equipment of the Hospital Corps of the Polish Army. You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post. Discussions regarding the location of these forces Poznan and Pomorze Armies had produced a teleprinter message from O.

Der Feind griff uns gegen Abend an und hatte auch bzyra starken Einsatz einige Erfolge. Not today, but expect my reply soon!

Immediately General Kutrzeba shifted his Army towards Leczycy on the Bzura river bank in order to establish there the line of departure; he also sent the plan to Brest-Litowsk by plane hence Marshall Rydz-Smigly between the sword and the wall gave the approval constituting the Group Poznan-Torun but without establishing its Commanding Officer. The battle of Bzura.

Unique movie showing German forces crossing Bzura river in Sochaczew in September The Wehrmacht was required to divert units from its push towards Warsaw. Astonishment of Germans must have been considerable, when — while once again marching to the north on 14 IX in the face of lack of any further Polish pressure after the Bzira retreat behind the city of Lodz — they did not encounter literally any Polish units south of the Bzura river!

The 8 AOK under General v. Soon, three reports reached the High Command General Kutrzeba: Blaskowitz was stretched between Kolo and the northeast of Lodz: However the assault lacked heavy artillery support and besides, in spite of the enemy losses, the ground seized was not important.

Thanks for the input and bzurs joining this discussion! The Bzura River Battlefield And what about the enemy so far? Zabecki 1 May Sochaczew, due to its strategic location, has been always very important defence guard on the Bzura River. TOP Related Posts.



Kazralrajas Trotz aller Schwierigkeiten der Versorgung greift der Pole immer wieder an. Initially underestimating the Polish advance, the Germans decided 11 September to redirect the main force of the German 10th Armythe German 4th Armythe reserves of the Army Group Southand aircraft from 4th Air Fleet towards the Bzura. The Wehrmacht was required to divert units from its push towards Warsaw. File:WBK -battle of Bzura Kluge was advancing upwards along the Vistula, on the left river bank the 50 ID Generalleutnant Sorsche was in contact with polish forces along the line Brest-Kujawski — Wloclawek; it was followed by the 3 ID close to Alexandrov and to its right was the ID which was fighting between Inowroclaw and Radziejow. Ich denke doch, dass heute oder morgen die grosse Schlacht um Lodz ihrem siegreichen Ende entgegengeht. It was adopted as solution, the big attack, in spite of General Bortnowski thought it only would delay his retreat to Warsaw.


Bitwa nad Bzurą

At this point however, Bortnowski ordered the 26th Infantry Division to retreat. He had learned of the withdrawal of the German 4th Panzer Division from the outskirts of Warsaw, and was concerned that this Panzer division posed a threat to his men. On 15 and 16 September, Army Pomorze took up defensive positions on the north bank of the Bzura. To encircle and destroy the Polish forces, the Germans used most of their 10th Army, including two armoured, one motorized, and three light divisions, equipped with some tanks altogether. The attack from all sides on Polish positions started on 16 September, with the support of the Luftwaffe.


Bzura 1939 Memory Archive

Gagore After the battle remaining German divisions rushed towards Hzura and Modlin and soon encircled both. In other words — in the moment when the scale of victory decisively turned for the Polish side, despite numerical and material superiority of the enemy — Kutrzeba decided to stop the counteroffensive, instead of chasing and finishing off the already beaten along the whole frontline at the Bzura enemy. The big attack was planned as follows: When the Bzura River battle lasted Majority of exhibits shown on this exposure are infantry and cavalary weapons, equipment, uniforms, photos and documents of Polish troops fought in the Bzura River Battle in Poles began to cross the Bzura near the Vistula, north of Sochaczew, and retreat towards Warsaw. The Polish plan for defense against the German invasion, Plan Westcalled for the defense of the borders. A Polish breakout attack gained initial success but eventually faltered after a concentrated German counterattack.


The Defence of Sochaczew in September 1939


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