The parish baptismal record gives his birthday as 22 February , and cites his given names in the Latin form Fridericus Franciscus [4] in Polish, he was Fryderyk Franciszek. Fryderyk lived with his family in the Palace grounds. The father played the flute and violin; [12] the mother played the piano and gave lessons to boys in the boarding house that the Chopins kept. By the age of seven Fryderyk had begun giving public concerts, and in he composed two polonaises , in G minor and B-flat major.

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The parish baptismal record gives his birthday as 22 February , and cites his given names in the Latin form Fridericus Franciscus [4] in Polish, he was Fryderyk Franciszek.

Fryderyk lived with his family in the Palace grounds. The father played the flute and violin; [12] the mother played the piano and gave lessons to boys in the boarding house that the Chopins kept. By the age of seven Fryderyk had begun giving public concerts, and in he composed two polonaises , in G minor and B-flat major. Fryderyk and his family moved to a building, which still survives, adjacent to the Kazimierz Palace.

During this period, Fryderyk was sometimes invited to the Belweder Palace as playmate to the son of the ruler of Russian Poland , Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia ; he played the piano for Constantine Pavlovich and composed a march for him.

He was engaged by the inventors of the "aeolomelodicon" a combination of piano and mechanical organ , and on this instrument, in May he performed his own improvisation and part of a concerto by Moscheles.

The success of this concert led to an invitation to give a recital on a similar instrument the "aeolopantaleon" before Tsar Alexander I , who was visiting Warsaw; the Tsar presented him with a diamond ring.

At a subsequent aeolopantaleon concert on 10 June , Chopin performed his Rondo Op. This was the first of his works to be commercially published and earned him his first mention in the foreign press, when the Leipzig Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung praised his "wealth of musical ideas". Here for the first time, he encountered Polish rural folk music.

In letters to Woyciechowski, he indicated which of his works, and even which of their passages, were influenced by his fascination with her; his letter of 15 May revealed that the slow movement Larghetto of his Piano Concerto No.

For the prince and his pianist daughter Wanda, he composed his Introduction and Polonaise brillante in C major for cello and piano , Op. Later that month, in Warsaw, the November Uprising broke out, and Woyciechowski returned to Poland to enlist.

Chopin, now alone in Vienna, was nostalgic for his homeland, and wrote to a friend, "I curse the moment of my departure. You are there, and yet you do not take vengeance! His next choice was Paris; difficulties obtaining a visa from Russian authorities resulted in him getting transit permission from the French.

In France, he used the French versions of his given names, and after receiving French citizenship in , he travelled on a French passport. A genius. Later that year he was introduced to the wealthy Rothschild banking family, whose patronage also opened doors for him to other private salons social gatherings of the aristocracy and artistic and literary elite.

He no longer depended financially upon his father, and in the winter of , he began earning a handsome income from publishing his works and teaching piano to affluent students from all over Europe.

In later years he generally gave a single annual concert at the Salle Pleyel, a venue that seated three hundred. He played more frequently at salons but preferred playing at his own Paris apartment for small groups of friends. The musicologist Arthur Hedley has observed that "As a pianist Chopin was unique in acquiring a reputation of the highest order on the basis of a minimum of public appearances—few more than thirty in the course of his lifetime.

Examples include a concert on 23 March , in which Chopin, Liszt, and Hiller performed on pianos a concerto by J. They spent what Mendelssohn described as "a very agreeable day", playing and discussing music at his piano, and met Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow , director of the Academy of Art, and some of his eminent pupils such as Lessing , Bendemann , Hildebrandt and Sohn. He had made the acquaintance of their daughter Maria in Poland five years earlier when she was eleven. This meeting prompted him to stay for two weeks in Dresden, when he had previously intended to return to Paris via Leipzig.

Paul , and who considered him "a perfect musician". Chopin went on to Leipzig, where he presented Schumann with his G minor Ballade. You would not believe how curious I was about Herz , Liszt, Hiller, etc.

Harold C. Most biographers of Chopin state that after this the two had little to do with each other, although in his letters dated as late as he still referred to him as "my friend Liszt".

Is she really a woman? I have still not recovered from my astonishment, and if I were a proud person I should be feeling humiliated at having been carried away This compelled the group to take lodgings in a former Carthusian monastery in Valldemossa , which gave little shelter from the cold winter weather.

The first said I was dead; the second said I was dying; and the third said I was about to die. I finished them on your little piano, which arrived in the best possible condition in spite of the sea, the bad weather and the Palma customs.

To avoid further customs duties, Sand sold the piano to a local French couple, the Canuts. He frequently visited Sand in the evenings, but both retained some independence. Chopin was reportedly unimpressed with the composition. Among the visitors to Nohant were Delacroix and the mezzo-soprano Pauline Viardot , whom Chopin had advised on piano technique and composition.

When we are not all together at dinner, lunch, playing billiards, or walking, each of us stays in his room, reading or lounging around on a couch. Sometimes, through the window which opens on the garden, a gust of music wafts up from Chopin at work.

All this mingles with the songs of nightingales and the fragrance of roses. Modern research suggests that apart from any other illnesses, he may also have suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy.

In letters to third parties, she vented her impatience, referring to him as a "child," a "little angel", a "sufferer" and a "beloved little corpse. Whereas in he had written a dozen works, only six were written in and six shorter pieces in In he wrote only the Op. Although these works were more refined than many of his earlier compositions, Zamoyski concludes that "his powers of concentration were failing and his inspiration was beset by anguish, both emotional and intellectual.

Stirling also made all the logistical arrangements and provided much of the necessary funding. Broadwood also arranged concerts for him; among those attending were Thackeray and the singer Jenny Lind. Chopin was also sought after for piano lessons, for which he charged the high fee of one guinea per hour, and for private recitals for which the fee was 20 guineas.

At a concert on 7 July, he shared the platform with Viardot, who sang arrangements of some of his mazurkas to Spanish texts. By this time he was very seriously ill, weighing under 99 pounds i.

He passed the winter in unremitting illness, but gave occasional lessons and was visited by friends, including Delacroix and Franchomme. Occasionally he played, or accompanied the singing of Delfina Potocka , for his friends. During the summer of , his friends found him an apartment in Chaillot , out of the centre of the city, for which the rent was secretly subsidised by an admirer, Princess Obreskoff.

Here in June , he was visited by Jenny Lind. With his health further deteriorating, Chopin desired to have a family member with him. He was The pallbearers included Delacroix, Franchomme, and Camille Pleyel. His death certificate gave the cause of death as tuberculosis , and his physician, Cruveilhier, was then the leading French authority on this disease. All his known works involve the piano, and only a few range beyond solo piano music, as either piano concertos , songs or chamber music.

He cited Bach and Mozart as the two most important composers in shaping his musical outlook. Less direct in the earlier period are the influences of Polish folk music and of Italian opera. Much of what became his typical style of ornamentation for example, his fioriture is taken from singing. His melodic lines were increasingly reminiscent of the modes and features of the music of his native country, such as drones.

He was the first to write ballades [] and scherzi as individual concert pieces. He essentially established a new genre with his own set of free-standing preludes Op. Barrie Jones puts it, "it was Chopin who put the mazurka on the European musical map. However, except for his Funeral March, the composer never named an instrumental work beyond genre and number, leaving all potential extramusical associations to the listener; the names by which many of his pieces are known were invented by others.

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Sheet Music Boss

Macage Chopin wrote them between andpartly at Valldemossa, Majorca, where he spent the winter of —39 and where he had fled with George Sand and her children to escape the damp Paris weather. Add you MP3 interpretation on this page! I provide the original scanned version and the filtered, because the filter does some changes smoothening, sharpening borders and some portions of the scan get lost rainerops when they are too small e. This file is part of the Gaylord Library Mirroring Project. Editor Lothar Windsperger I knew well that you were dead. Duration 35 minutes Shdet Time Period Comp. To print parts, please upgrade to a Pro account first.



It is better known as the Raindrop Prelude, due to the repeating A-flat that appears throughout the piece and sounds like raindrops to many listeners. Within this rather short piece - even if it is one of the longest of the preludes - Chopin manages to build up two entirely different atmospheres, using the same obsessively repeated note. The C-sharp minor section begins rather suddenly in measure 28, and with it the piece changes from something peaceful and serene into something much darker. Listeners and music historians have likened it to a beautiful dream that turns into an oppressive nightmare, which is a very appropriate description for this work.


Frédéric Chopin

Voodoogor He was even angry that I should interpret this in terms of imitative sounds. Views Read Edit View history. Links Bitesize Factmaster Play against the clock in this fun, fast-paced game on Facebook. Make a Bitesize revision map! The pedal markings are given under the bass stave. Most Romantic composers, including Schubert, Brahms and Liszt, wrote short piano pieces. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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