Another typical gavotte rhythm. It had a steady rhythm, not broken up into faster notes. Like most dance movements of the Baroque period it is typically in binary form but this may be extended by a second melody in the same metre , often one called the musette, having a pedal drone to imitate the French bagpipes , played after the first to create a grand ternary form ; A— A —B—A. The gavotte could be played at a variety of tempi : Johann Gottfried Walther wrote that the gavotte is "often quick but occasionally slow".
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Exaudiat te Dominus, grand motet, Jubilate Deo, grand motet, ? Notus in Judea Deux, grand motet O lacrymae, grand motet, text by Perrin, at Versailles, Quare fremuerunt, grand motet, at Versailles, April 19, Petits motets: Anima Christi; Ave coeli manus, text by Perrin; Dixit Dominus; Domine salvum; Laudate pueri; O dulcissime Domine; Omnes gentes; O sapientia; Regina coeli; Salve regina Ballets de cour[ edit ] When Lully began dancing and composing for court ballets, the genre blossomed and markedly changed in character.
The development of his instrumental style can be discerned in his chaconnes. He experimented with all types of compositional devices and found new solutions that he later exploited to the full in his operas. For example, the chaconne that ends the Ballet de la Raillerie has 51 couplets plus an extra free part; in Le Bourgeois gentilhomme he added a vocal line to the chaconne for the Scaramouches. Always with Lully, the point of departure was a verse libretto, in most cases by the verse dramatist Philippe Quinault.
For the dance pieces, Lully would hammer out rough chords and a melody on the keyboard, and Quinault would invent words. For the recitative, Lully imitated the speech melodies and dramatic emphasis used by the best actors in the spoken theater.
His attentiveness to transferring theatrical recitation to sung music shaped French opera and song for a century. In like manner the chorus performed in several combinations: the entire chorus, the chorus singing as duos, trios or quartets, the dramatic chorus, the dancing chorus.
The intrigue of the plot culminated in a vast tableau, for example, the sleep scene in Atys, the village wedding in Roland, or the funeral in Alceste.
Soloists, chorus and dancers participated in this display, producing astonishing effects thanks to machinery. In contrast to Italian opera, the various instrumental genres were present to enrich the overall effect: French overture, dance airs, rondeaux, marches, "simphonies" that painted pictures, preludes, ritournelles.
Collected into instrumental suites or transformed into trios, these pieces had enormous influence and affected instrumental music across Europe. The earliest operas were performed at the indoor Bel Air tennis court on the grounds of the Luxembourg Palace that Lully had converted into a theater. Once premiered at court, operas were performed for the public at the Palais-Royal. The movie depicts Lully with a concealed romantic interest in the King.
Who Wrote “Lully’s” Gavotte?