COMPLEXION PERFECTION KATE SOMERVILLE PDF

You may be familiar with some biology or buzzwords such as collagen, elastin, free radicals, fine lines, light treatments, and laser peels. But knowledge is power! So get out your yellow highlighter, ladies and gentlemen. Snuggle up with a good book this one!

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You may be familiar with some biology or buzzwords such as collagen, elastin, free radicals, fine lines, light treatments, and laser peels. But knowledge is power! So get out your yellow highlighter, ladies and gentlemen. Snuggle up with a good book this one!

Getting to Know Your Skin Human skin is truly amazing. It serves hundreds of functions, including providing a supple, strong barrier between you and the outside world; receiving touch; and detoxifying your body. Culturally, skin identifies our ethnic heritage, links us to our family, and is a blank canvas we sometimes color to express our individuality. Get this: If you could unzip your skin, step out of it, and put it on a scale, it would weigh between six and nine pounds and cover an area of about 20 square feet depending on your height and size.

In other words, it would weigh about as much as your lapdog and could replace the carpet of a small yoga studio! Think about it. How often do we say that people look pale or flushed, or that they have dark circles under their eyes?

We know from those telltale signs that they might not be feeling their best or treating their body as well as they should. But the opposite also shows-when we treat our body well, we see the rewards.

Similarly, our emotions show up here, too. Then there are other, more serious dermatological conditions, such as eczema, that studies have shown are linked to chronic stress or traumatic events.

Research has actually found that stress can make skin more prone to allergies. One reason is that stress can suppress our immune function, leaving us more vulnerable. The truth is that our skin impacts how we feel about ourselves and how others view us. Many of them are my clients, and I know how they feel and what they go through. Subtle changes over the decades take us from the gorgeous dewy skin of infancy; through the frustrations of adolescent acne, the hormonal pigment problems of pregnancy, and the fine wrinkles of midlife; and then into the deeply etched face of our golden years.

For example: - Genetics are responsible for more than just your blue eyes and freckles or your olive complexion. Look at your parents and grandparents for some clues as to how your skin is going to age.

The good news is that you are not destined to live with these imperfections-there are now treatments and products available to influence their development and to minimize them if you so desire. When they star t surging in adolescence, they can cause acne. Later, some birth control pills can cause breakouts in women, while others can help clear up acne. And, in a cruel twist of fate, it can get acne again!

When we speak of hormones, we do tend to think of the sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone, but there are others such as cortisol-a stress hormone-that also impact our skin. They are a certain type of oxygen molecule that cause a chain reaction of damage-oxidation-to your cells. But if you let it sit in your fridge for a few days, oxidation turns it brown or gray. Also the work of free radicals. The antidote to oxidation is the appropriately named "antioxidant"-a wide variety of vitamins and minerals found in fresh foods and nutritional supplements.

Well, the reverse is true in that an unhealthy diet deficient in antioxidants is going to contribute to the aging caused by free radicals. We can also fight free radicals and promote cell recovery with topical applications of antioxidants. For most of us, free-radical damage is caused by pollutants, cigarette smoke, too much sun, and other environmental challenges, such as overexposure to wind and intense heat and cold.

Unhealthy habits like drinking too much alcohol, getting too little sleep, and living with chronic stress also take their toll on your skin. Science has recently proven how a healthy lifestyle dramatically impacts how well we age.

While we may be getting older in years, we can actually look and feel better. Mehmet Oz is fond of talking about. The epidermis has five layers of cells and millions of skin cells per square inch. Every day, new cells are born. The cells are shaped like little columns and are made in the lowest layer, and then they divide and push up into the higher layers.

As the cells move upward, they flatten out and eventually die. The top cell dictates what the one being born beneath it is going to be like and what it does. This whole process of new cells working their way from the bottom to the top takes about 30 days, although it slows down considerably as you age. The dead cells spend another two weeks on the surface of your skin before naturally sloughing off as a new layer of cells is pushed to the top. The surface of your skin-the skin the world sees-is actually made up of dead, flat cells.

As you might imagine, those dead cells are largely responsible for your skin looking dull and lifeless. They also build up around your pores and wrinkles, making them look larger. Journalists constantly ask me about the most important step in skin care. There is no one thing, as everything works together. But I do believe that exfoliation is key because you see immediate results from it. The bottom layer of your epidermis makes melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its color.

During exposure to ultraviolet rays, melanin activates, producing a tan in an attempt to protect your skin from damage by those rays. As the decades roll by, the cells that make melanin die off, and your skin becomes more susceptible to burning.

This puts you at an increased risk for signs of aging and skin cancer. The Dermis Now, beneath the epidermis is the dermis. The dermis also sends nutrients and moisture up to the epidermis to keep it healthy.

Just like the epidermis, the dermis is thinnest around your eyes and thickest on your feet. In recent decades, we experts have learned so much about the importance of this layer, especially with regard to aging.

So what exactly is going on here? This dermal layer has a lot of responsibilities. The collagen gives the skin its fullness and form, while the elastin gives skin its snap-a rubber-band-like resilience.

Cells called fibroblasts make collagen and elastin on a continual basis. A superhighway of nerves responsible for your sense of touch, pain, itch, and temperature is also situated here. Hair, sweat, and oil all reach the surface of the skin via pores, which begin in this layer.

And guess what? The signs of aging start here, too. But as you age, the collagen and elastin break down faster than your fibroblasts can produce them. The number of fibroblasts you have also shrinks. The whole network becomes more brittle and no longer snaps back like it used to.

And that, combined with gravity, causes wrinkles to form. Hyaluronic acid also decreases over time, as do the number of oil and sweat glands, which also contribute to dry skin and aging. We live in such an exciting time and can actually do something about all of this. There are products and treatments available that can penetrate this layer to build collagen and repair elasticity and replace hyaluronic acid.

These are the things that keep me in business and my actor clients in business, too. Subcutaneous Tissue Although technically not skin, the layer of fat and connective tissue that lies between your skin and muscles does have an effect on your complexion and how it looks. This tissue supplies energy and is a protective cushion and insulator for your body. It has larger blood vessels and nerves and is important, as it regulates the temperature of your skin and of your entire body.

Excerpted from Complexion Perfection! Excerpted by permission. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher. Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc.

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Complexion Perfection by Kate Somerville

At the moment, I am using a topical antibiotic for my rosacea metronidazole , but I want a way to treat my skin without having to resort to a harsh chemical. This book does a great job of explaining what outside of ourselves affects our skin, how our skin is made up and how it functions, the connection between our skin and our emotions, and As posted on Read All Over Reviews Source: eARC from publisher As a sufferer of chronic stress and acne rosacea, I jumped at the chance to read this book. This book does a great job of explaining what outside of ourselves affects our skin, how our skin is made up and how it functions, the connection between our skin and our emotions, and takes us through a list of the common ingredients used in skin care products and what exactly they are for. This is not just someone giving you a Cosmo version of healthy skin, Somerville gets into the science of skin care in such a way that the reader is not overwhelmed. Another extremely useful feature of the book is the list of skin treatments. She even tells you which current hypes everyone should avoid, like microdermabrasion and oral antibiotics. She also warns us to avoid synthetic fragrances, petrochemicals, nanoparticles, and animal testing.

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